§ Nuremberg Chronicle - SCHEDEL (Hartmann)....

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§ Nuremberg Chronicle - SCHEDEL (Hartmann)....

§ Nuremberg Chronicle - SCHEDEL (Hartmann). [LIBER CHRONICARUM]. Registrum huius operis libri cronicarum cu[m] figuris et ymagibus ab initio mu[n]di. Nuremberg, Antoine Koberger for Sebald Schreyer and Sebastien Kamermaister, July 20, 1493.
In-folio of 20 ff. n. ch. (title and table), 300 ff. ch. I to CCXCIX, of which 3 bl. and 1 f n. ch., 5 ff. n. ch. ("De Regno Polonie"), (1) bl. Ivory wove vellum with flaps (rel. of the 17th c.), smooth spine decorated with gold garlands, beautiful gilt frame with central gilt fleuron on the plates, red head.
Small grey or red spots on the dishes, without gravity. Back redone. Qqs small defects very skillfully and discreetly restored (several tab-reinforced leaves, small tear in ff. CXXI and CLIX, f. CLIV bound verso-recto, restorations in the upper margin inside many ff. with very slight lack in ff. CLXV and CLXX), qqs ff. cut a little short in the upper margin. (rarely reaching the text). Qqs small underlining or small marginal notes in old ink (16th c.) Apart from these more than acceptable small defects, a very fine copy.
This work includes 1,800 engraved figures composed with the help of 645 different woods, spread over most of the folios, some of them very large, with various motifs, including numerous biblical scenes, portraits of kings and religious figures, important historical events, natural phenomena (monsters, comets, etc.), and a number of other objects.) as well as 119 representations of cities (some woods are repeated for several different cities, cf. Lyon and Bologna for example) or groups of monuments, including 29 on double page, several genealogical tables with coats of arms, a double armorial plate (f. CLXXXIII v° - CLXXXIIII r°), a world map (f. XIII) and a map of Europe on double page (in fine), all due to Wohlgemuth and Pleydenwurff from Nuremberg.
The 5 unencrypted sheets "De Samarcia Regione... De Regno Polonie...", usually bound between the ff. CCLXVI and CCLXVII, are here bound at the end. The ff. CCLVIIII, CCLX and CCLXI are encrypted but white: as specified in ff. CCLVIII, they were intended for the reader's notes. Colophon on the back of f. CCC.
The map of the world is based on Ptolemy's second projection; it is surrounded by twelve blowing heads and framed in three of its corners by Old Testament figures of Ham, Shem and Japheth; a border in the left margin of the map consists of seven vignettes representing fantastic and monstrous creatures inhabiting the ends of the world (there are 14 others on the front of this sheet).
ORIGINAL EDITION (in Latin) of the UNBELIEVABLE MASTER ILLUSTRATED, a true testimony to the typographical perfection of the 1490s as well as to the important rise of the xylographic art.
Hartmann Schedel (1440-1514), a German humanist and historian from Nuremberg, was one of the first cartographers to use printing presses. The Nuremberg Chronicles (in fact an illustrated history of the world from its creation to the 1490s) were compiled by him, who was inspired to do so by the works in his own library, one of the most important collections of books from the 15th century.
Among the brilliant artists and engravers in charge of the woods were Albrecht Dürer's master, Michael Wohlgemuth, and his son-in-law Wilhelm Pleydenwurff, while Anton Koberger (Dürer's godfather and an important local notable) was in charge of printing and publishing the Chronicles, which thus constitute the first example of an association between artists and printers.
These Chronicles continue a medieval tradition that represents human history in six ages, from creation to the present day. The Chronicles add a seventh - the Last Judgement - after having left blank pages at the end of the sixth age. They tell the story of the Church, secular history, classical antiquity, and medieval and contemporary events, mixed with fables, myths and legends. The passage of different comets is noted. Important figures are traced - and possibly illustrated - such as kings, members of the clergy (Jewish, pagan and Christian), as well as philosophers and thinkers.
A reprint with the German text appeared in December of the same year.
In 1552 Melchior Schedel sold about 370 manuscripts and 600 printed books from his grandfather's library to the great German bibliophile Johann Jakob Fugger (1516-1575); these copies are now kept in the Munich library.
Manuscript bookplate in ink on the last blank page: John Minne (?), 1663.
(BMC II, 437; Fairfax Murray, German, 394; Goff, S-307; Hain, 14508; Harrisse, 13; Polain, 3469; Proctor, 2084; Sabin, 77523; Schreiber, 5203; Updike, Printing Types, I 65).
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